Gary L. French, Ph.D.

Principal Consultant

Dr. Gary L. French has been a consulting economist and served as an economic expert witness in matters before federal and state courts for over forty years.  Cases in which he has been an expert witness include antitrust, breach of contract, business and consumer fraud or misrepresentation, breach of fiduciary duty, bankruptcy, business and personal torts, and issues before the U.S. Tax Court.  Dr. French’s numerous antitrust assignments have involved price fixing and other horizontal restraints, vertical restraints, bundling and tying, and mergers and acquisitions.  Many of the cases in which Dr. French has been involved have been class actions requiring Dr. French to analyze class certification issues, especially the incidence of economic impact or injury across class members.

Dr. French has also testified in matters before federal and state regulatory agencies including the Federal Communications Commission, the Federal Maritime Commission, the International Trade Commission, the U.S. Department of Transportation, and the Office of Housing and Appeals of the U.S. Department of Energy.  These matters have involved the allocation of electromagnetic spectrum, wireless communication licensing, competition in parcel tanker shipping between Columbia and U.S. ports, and the U.S. government’s crude oil entitlements program.

Prior to becoming a full-time consultant, Dr. French served on the faculties of three different universities over an eight year period teaching undergraduate and graduate courses in economics, finance, and statistics.

Practice Areas

Industry Knowledge and Familiarity

Dr. French’s consulting assignments have involved numerous markets and industry; however, some have occurred in his assignments more frequently than others including:

  • Airlines
  • Diamonds
  • Food products, including blueberries, pineapples, macadamia nuts, walnuts, and potatoes
  • Franchise businesses and systems, especially fast food restaurants
  • Insurance, including vehicle, life, health, casualty, and non-filing insurance
  • Pharmaceuticals
  • Soft drink bottling
  • Waste collection and disposal
  • Wholesale and retail trade
  • Telecommunications, including wireless, satellite, and cable TV

Seminars and Presentations

Seminar on damage analysis and valuation, presented to Hogan & Hartson, Washington, D.C., Dec. 1985 and to Shaw, Pittman, Potts & Trowbridge, Washington, D.C., April 1986.

“Economic Damage and Valuation: Use of Forensic Economics,” presented at the Twelfth Annual Convention of the Virginia Association of Defense Attorneys, October 4, 1986.

“Experts and Ethics” Panel, New York State Bar Association, 130th Annual Meeting, January 25, 2007.

“Verticality Regains Relevance,” presented to the annual conference of the American Antitrust Institute, June 2008.


“Scientific Issues:  Introduction to Economic Damages Analysis,” (with Douglas A. Young and John L. Solow), in David Faigman, et al., editors, Modern Scientific Evidence, The Law and Science of Expert Testimony, Volume 1, Chapter 9, Sections 9:10 through 9:87, Thomson West, 2006.

Article concerning the role of economics in litigation, “Commentary & Insight.” Legal Times, VI, No. 30 (Dec. 26, 1983/Jan. 2, 1984).

“The Redistributive Impact of the Atlanta Mass Transit System: A Comment” (with W.K. Talley). Southern Economic Journal, 47, No. 3 (Jan. 1981).

“Linder’s Trade Thesis: A Further Examination” (with J.W. Sailors and U.A. Qureshi). Southern Economic Journal, 46, No. 3 (Jan. 1980).

“A Regional Test of the Ricardian Theory of Comparative Advantage” (with U.A. Qureshi). Atlantic Economic Journal, 6, No. 2 (July 1978).

“Factor Proportions and Regional Trade in the United States.” In Proceedings of the Southwestern Society of Economists II, (Mar. 1977).

“Economic Development and World Trade” (with R.N. Bean). Economic Affairs, XX, No. 8 (Aug. 1975).

“A Regional Test of the Heckscher-Ohlin Theory of International Trade.” Nebraska Journal of Economics and Business, XIV, No. 3 (Summer 1975).

Awards and Honors

  • National Science Foundation Graduate Traineeship, 1967–1970
  • Omicron Delta Epsilon
  • Beta Gamma Sigma
  • Top Ten Student, University of Houston, 1969–1970

Professional Memberships

  • American Economic Association
  • Industrial Organization Society
  • National Association for Business Economics
  • Advisory Board, American Antitrust Institute

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